POP (1989e) 57.2 m, a Kingdom in W Europe comprising England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Area 244755 sq Km/94475sq mi. Capital London. CHIEF TOWNS Belfast, Birmingham, Bradford, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sheffield.

The population is 81.5% English, 9.6% Scottish, 2.4% Irish. 1.9% Welsh, and 2% West Indian, Asian, and African; Christianity is the chief religion. Official Language English; Welsh and Gaelic are spoken by minorities. CURRENCY the pound sterling. HISTORY Wales was effectively joined to England in 1301, then Scotland was joined under one crown in 1603 (and by legislative union in 1707), and Ireland in 1801 (the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland); the present name dates from 1922, following the establishment of the Irish Free State. GOVERNMENT a Kingdom with a monarch as head of state; governed by a bicameral Parliament comprising an elected 650 member House of Commons, and a House of Lords with hereditary peers, life peers, Anglican Bishops, and law lords; a Cabinet is appointed by the Prime Minister.

UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY – (Abbrev. UKAEA) an authority set up by the Atomic Energy Authority Act in 1954, which has prime responsibility for research and development of nuclear power in the UK on behalf of the Government.

Reference: ALLEN, ROBERT. Chambers Encyclopedic, Typeset in Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge.



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